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Around 20—10 BCE, he made conquests in the former Indo-Scythian kingdom, perhaps after the death of the important ruler Azes. Christian missionaries were brought to the region during British colonial rule, and Gujranwala became home to numerous churches and schools. Following the Independence of Pakistan and the aftermath of the Partition of British India inGujranwala was site of some of the worst rioting in Punjab.
This civilization shaped subsequent cultures in South Asia and Afghanistan. Arrival of Islam[ edit ] Mahmud and Ayaz The Sultan is to the right, shaking the hand of the sheykh, with Ayaz standing behind him. Etymology[ edit ] The region was originally called Sapta Sindhu the Vedic land of the seven rivers flowing into the ocean.
Under Kanishka, Gandhara became a holy land of Buddhism and attracted Chinese pilgrims eager to view the monuments associated with many Jatakas. Following the death of the last of the great Mughal emperors, Aurangzeband the subsequent decline of Mughal power, various Sikh states came to control the region around what is now modern Gujranwala.
The area subsequently came under various other Muslim rulers until finally becoming part of the Mughal Empire in The Indo-Scythians ultimately established a kingdom in the northwest south Asia, based near Taxila, with two great Satraps, one in Mathura Gujranwala dating point the east, and one in Surastrene Gujarat in the southwest.
History of Punjab Due to its location, the Punjab region came under constant attack and witnessed centuries of foreign invasions by the PersiansGreeksKushansScythiansTurks and Afghans. During the other months, the average rainfall is about 25 millimetres 0.
Of the five great rivers of Punjab, four course through Pakistan's Punjab province. The most famous Indo-Greek ruler was Menander Milinda. Turning to the northeast, Alexander marched to Pucela, the capital of the district now known as Pakhli. Buddhist art spread from Gandhara to other parts of Asia.
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The temple of JandialTaxila is usually interpreted as a Zoroastrian fire temple from the period of the Indo-Parthians. One of the teachers was the great Vedic thinker and politician Chanakya. Alexander left Punjab in B.
Mughal Empire[ edit ] The Punjab region rose to significance in the Hindustani empire when Lahore became a seat for royal family inGujranwala dating point the legacy of which is seen today in its rich display of Mughal architecture. Having conquered DrangianaArachosiaGedrosia and Seistan in ten days, Alexander the Great locally known as 'Iskander' crossed the Hindu Kush and was thus fully informed of the magnificence of the country and its riches in gold, gems and pearls.
Muhammad bin Qasim was the first to bring message of Islam to the population of Punjab.
Sialkot and Gujrat lie to its north. Gondopharesfounder of Indo Parthia kingdom, was a ruler of Seistan in what is today eastern Iran, probably a vassal or relative of the Apracarajas.
Buddhism flourished under the Indo-Greek kings, and their rule, especially that of Menanderhas been remembered as benevolent. The driest months are usually November to April, with little rainfall.
Padshah emperor Akbar established two of his Age requirement for dating websites twelve subahs imperial top-level provinces in Punjab: Gujranwala's rail station dates from the British era.
The Indus Valley Civilization spanned much of what is today Pakistan and eventually evolved into the Indo-Aryan civilization. It was ruled by the Umayyad dynasty, whose name derives from Umayya ibn Abd Shamsthe great-grandfather of the first Umayyad caliph.
His military commander, Hari Singh Nalwabuilt a high mud wall around Gujranwala during this era, and established the city's new grid street-plan that exists until present day.
The area was captured by the British Empire inand rapidly developed thereafter. Gondophares became the ruler of areas comprising Arachosia, Seistan, Sindh, Punjab, and the Kabul valley. In the Soan River, many fossil bearing rocks are exposed on the surface.
Gandhara was conquered by the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BC.
Gandhara's culture peaked during the reign of the great Kushan king Kanishka the Great — Having taken a northeasterly direction, he marched against the Aspii mountaineerswho offered vigorous resistance, but were subdued. The interior of the Sheranwala Baradari is elaborately decorated.
The highest-precipitation months are usually July and August, when the monsoon reaches the Punjab. The language used the Kharosthi script, which died out about the 4th century.